Clothing Manufacturers Asia is Southeast Asia's leading clothing manufacturing agency. We are hired by fashion brands from all over the world to project manage the sourcing and ethical manufacturing of their clothing.



Let CMA handle the manufacturing for you. Contact Us today.

Our Phone Number & Email Address:
+62 821 4681 1330
FAQs 2018-03-12T13:51:36+00:00

Welcome to the Clothing Manufacturers Asia FAQs page. We have compiled a list of the most common questions we receive from clients.

Please review these FAQs first before sending in your enquiry because we may already have an answer for your questions in here.

Alternatively, if you don’t find your questions answered in here, then please do leave us a detailed message on our Contact Us page.


We are hired by fashion designers and clothing retailers to source for and project manage their entire productions from overseas, so they don’t need to. We save our clients a lot of time, aggravation, money and resources.
Three words: Time. Aggravation. Money. Simply put, the amount of time and money it would take you to try to do what we have already perfected is too costly. Besides the enormous costs of travel, imagine how long it will take you to: find the best ethical manufacturers and suppliers across Southeast Asia, test them, trust them to not cheat you, get them to focus on your project and not dump you for a bigger order, ensure quality is achieved for each piece every time, learn to speak in a foreign language, to learn foreign business ethics, or to simply ensure that you get exactly what you want immediately.
No. The manufacturers we work with are some of the largest and busiest in Southeast Asia, and they prefer to stay hidden from being accessible by everyone – almost none of them have websites.

CMA currently doesn’t work with projects involving leather or faux leather, fur or faux fur, feathers, wool, jewellery or accessories of any kind, shoes, underwear, lingerie and intimates, animal clothing, towels, bed linens, and housewares. This is because either the manufacturers simply do not meet our ethics and quality standards, or they are over priced, or they do not possess the necessary technical skills to produce consistent high quality products. However, we continue to source new manufacturers and may provide project management in new product niches as and when we can.

There’s no such thing. The words “cheap” and “quality” should never be used in the same sentence in the fashion manufacturing industry. Cheap can mean unethical, low quality, and bad business ethics. CMA only works with ethical high quality manufacturers that produce high quality garments consistently.
No. At this time, CMA and our manufacturers don’t offer any design consulting or design services. We recommend connecting with design students and graphic designers looking for projects to work on.

We are always happy to arrange meetings between our clients and their assigned Production Managers. Just to clarify that CMA is a corporate office that coordinates the activities of hundreds of clients with our regional production management team; we don’t take walk-in meetings as such. All of our Production Managers work from within our partner factories that are scattered across Southeast Asia. Meetings can be arranged with them after we have received your specifications and initial production quotes have been provided for you. Please provide your technical specifications / tech packs in advance of your trip so that we can begin the quoting process for you. Being prepared before committing your time and money resources on a trip like this is essential to getting exactly what you want.

At CMA, we only share your tech packs with the ethical manufacturers in our network whom we trust implicitly. When you’re not in production, your intellectual property is stored off-site for protection against design exposure.
Yes. If you would like us to sign an NDA, please email it to and our Director will review it. When you start working with CMA, we will provide you with a working contract that highlights all roles, responsibilities, and terms.

We like having things like a house to live in, food to eat, a vehicle to drive, a phone to call home with, and so do our staff. Since we don’t charge a mark-up or commissions like freelancers and other agencies do, we charge a flat-rate fee to cover our work and costs.

For CMA’s project management service packages, all payments are 100% up-front. For pattern making and samples, all payments are 100% up-front. For mass productions, most of our manufacturers require 70% up-front and 30% upon completion of your production but before shipping. A few of our manufacturers require 50% up-front and 50% upon completion of your production but before shipping.

For all productions, we only accept bank-to-bank transfers. For shipping fees related to samples or fabric swatches, if the total payment is less than $50 USD, we may accept PayPal.

Yes. We can collaborate to ensure you have all the correct amount of materials for your production, then we can have one of our ethical manufacturers make your clothes for you

Ethical Manufacturing

To us, ethical-verified manufacturing is the core tenet of our business. It means that the manufacturers Clothing Manufacturers Asia work with all provide healthy and safe working environments for their workers, provide good living wages to their workers, help to reduce poverty, create sustainable communities, and minimise their environmental impact. Working ethically is morally right.

Fair Trade is first and foremost a social movement. The assertion of the movement is to support producers in developing countries to achieve more sustainable trading conditions. Supporters advocate the payment of higher prices to exporters, as well as improved social and environmental standards.

During CMA’s exhaustive vetting process of new factories, we check for the 3 P’s – People, Place, and Production. We review the working conditions and staff / management, we review their facilities and equipment, and we assess the quality and consistency of their workmanship. If they do not meet our standards for high quality ethical manufacturing, CMA simply doesn’t work with them.

Yes, although most of them are not subscribing members of a trade body (eg: Fair Trade International – FLO).


The only way to receive a production quote is by sending us your detailed tech packs or sending us physical samples of garments you want to replicate.
If manufacturers aren’t that tied up, it can take less than a few hours. But if it’s peak production season, it can take a few days. Also keep in mind that the more accurate your tech packs are, the easier it is for us to provide you with quotes. If you’ve sent samples, we will need to physically take your samples from one manufacturer to another, this can take over a week.
Quotes are valid for 30 days from the day we send your quote to you. Once you approve your quoted production costs, our manufacturers will honour this production cost for up to one year.
Some of our manufacturers charge a nominal setup fee during samples production for digital printing, embroidery, screen printing, or dyeing.
We provide quotes in either Indonesian Rupiah or US Dollar, because that’s how our manufacturers and suppliers provide quotes. We use for all currency conversions.


MOQ is the acronym for Minimum Order Quantity. It is always expressed like this; “X-number of pieces per style of clothing, per colour of fabric, and per artwork“. The artwork can be a print design or embroidery or perhaps some sequin art that you will embellish your garments with. This means you need to order the calculated MOQ for each different style of clothing, for each colour of fabric per style, and for each artwork you add to each style.

MOQs exist because of three reasons. Firstly, suppliers all have their own MOQs for fabrics and materials. This means when starting a project, manufacturers also face MOQs when procuring supplies. Secondly, manufacturers need to stop a production in order to start another and this costs them a lot of time. And third, if dyeing or printing, the amount of dye needed to match a specific colour or the amount of printing to achieve a specific design requires a specific amount of materials to be used, which impacts fabric usage and ultimately the amount of total material.

CMA doesn’t have an MOQ but all of our manufacturers do. Since we currently work with over 50 ethical-verified manufacturers, it means there are over 50 different MOQ policies. To give you an idea, CMA’s smallest manufacturers begin their MOQs at 30 or 50 pieces per style, per colour, per artwork. These small manufacturers accept a minimum of 10 pieces per size within that MOQ.

Most, but not all, of our smaller manufacturers require that you produce a total order of at least 350 pieces or more in order to qualify for productions. Once we review your detailed tech packs, we’ll be able to provide you with accurate calculated MOQs. Before you submit your tech pack, please review this page, click here.

Here is an example of how MOQs may look. This is only an example. Keep in mind that dyeing fabrics will increase your MOQs.

Let’s say you want to produce a small MOQ of 1 style of sports bras and 1 style of leggings. You want the sports bras in 3 colour ways and the leggings to be digitally printed with 5 different designs.

Your calculated MOQ is 50 pieces per style, per colour, and per print.

Sports Bras: 50 x Colour 1  +  50 x Colour 2 +  50 x Colour 3  =  150 pieces
Leggings: 50 x Print 1 + 50 x Print 2 + 50 Print 3 + 50 x Print 4 + 50 x Print 5  =  250 pieces


The only way to calculate your exact MOQ is to send us your detailed tech packs or physical samples so we can review the specifications of your clothing. Once we connect with our network of manufacturers, they will be able to calculate your specific MOQs. Keep in mind that each manufacturer has their own policies regarding MOQs and how they are calculated. This is why it’s essential to send us your specifications.

This number varies from one manufacturer to another, and we work with over 50 ethical-verified clothing manufacturers. Within our network, the smallest manufacturers begin their MOQs at 10 pieces per size while larger manufacturers begin much higher. The best thing to do is to send us your technical specifications so that we can calculate your specific MOQs.

Tech Packs

Tech packs are the blueprint of your garments and your gateway to accurate production information. Manufacturers use tech packs to calculate fabric consumption, dyeing needs, printing needs, materials needs, styling, fit, and sizing. All of these impact your production costs so without them, you’re leaving your production open to risk of failure in the samples production phase. Also if you don’t have tech packs, you can be cheated when prices are being communicated.
No. CMA and our network of manufacturers don’t offer any design services. It’s also best if you understand the blueprint of your own garments.
No. We and our manufacturers require detailed tech packs or physical samples sent to us in order to provide you with production costs.
Our friends at TechPacker have an awesome support team and love helping their customers. Before you contact them directly, have a look through the TechPacker Documentation page for loads of great tips and how-to’s.
You’ll need to turn your sketches into clearly drawn supporting images for your tech packs, with corresponding seam measurement lines. But you can still use them.
You can either send us your physical samples (with any alteration instructions) or you can take pictures of your samples and edit these images to include your seam measurements, then include them in your tech packs. Once you send your physical samples to us, we will use them to obtain production costs for you. This will take longer than if we have your tech packs but it does make things much easier if you are looking to replicate your samples.


Yes some of our manufacturers can however almost all the manufacturers in our network create their own patterns on paper. They can create patterns from your tech packs.
Yes. Paper patterns can easily be replicated from and it can speed up the time it takes to produce your samples.
The costs to create patterns can vary between manufacturers. Some manufacturers include the pattern making costs as part of the sampling cost, while other manufacturers may charge a flat fee of $30 USD or more per pattern.
Size grading is completed free of charge after your samples are completed and your production is confirmed.
Yes and No. As long as you alter at least 30% of their original style, the shorts can be replicated. But if you want to copy their style, their features, and designs, then we cannot work on this because it is illegal.


Yes. We can source just about anything you need. To learn more about our Sourcing services, please visit this page of our website.
Yes. Simply lets us know in your tech packs what you need, the dimensions, graphics design files, etc. and we’ll source and project manage the production of your labels and tags for you.
We have access to most fabrics that are available in the world. Depending on your requirements, we can source fabrics from Southeast Asia or from trusted suppliers around the world.
Yes. There are a variety of sustainable fabrics available through our suppliers. Please let us know what you’re looking for.

Yes. We currently already work with the region’s only verified supplier that stocks Carvico’s Vita Xtra Life Lycra and a few other types of their fabric.

Yes. Suppliers charge for swatches. If you would like swatches to be sent to you, we will need you to tell us what fabric you need, send us supporting images for inspiration, and provide your address. We will prepare an invoice that covers the costs of the swatches and shipping for you.
Yes. We can source your fabric and project manage the printing as well. To learn more about our Sourcing services, please visit this page of our website.
Yes. Fabric production happens in the main textile mills across Southeast Asia and in other countries like China. If you want a producer to make a specific fabric or blend for you, we can project manage this for you but expect your MOQs to start at 3,000 kgs.


Samples production can cost between 2x to 5x the production cost, depending on your specific styling and designs, as well as the manufacturer who is doing the quoting.
This depends on the complexity of your garments, the number of sample pieces and styles, the availability of fabrics and materials, the manufacturers’ lead times, and the amount of time it takes to communicate during the samples perfection process. The actual production of samples can take anywhere from 3 to 5 days.

Yes. Samples need to be produced from our existing clothing templates, they are not already made. CMA and our manufacturers do not stock ready-made garments. There are sample production times that need to be considered. Our white-label online shop is called, Pattern Behaviour. Please click here to visit our Shop now.

Yes. Test dyeing is generally conducted on 1 kg of fabric. For digital or screen print testing, our manufacturers usually test 1m of fabric. You can request to have these test fabrics sent to you for review, just let us know.
Yes. Once a sample in one size is confirmed as correct, and you confirm your production, then the manufacturer will do your size grading.
No. Manufacturers produce one sample of each style in one size. Once you’ve reviewed and approved the samples, their sizes will be graded in preparation for mass production.

Printing & Dyeing

MOQs for printing vary depending on your choice of fabrics. The MOQ ranges from 30m to 1,000m or higher.
MOQs for dyeing vary depending on your choice of fabrics. The MOQ ranges from 30m to 1,000m or higher.
Yes. Our manufacturers are able to naturally dye fabrics. These are generally used for natural fibre textiles such as cotton or rayon or linen etc. Prices for using organic dyes or eco-ink are higher than conventional dyes but we do not have prices, we can only tell you your exact costs during quoting. Check out this post from our Instagram page about natural dyes.
Our manufacturers produce amazing print quality through screen printing, digital printing, sublimation, hot press, discharge, reactive or pigment printing, and more. Send us your graphic design files along with your tech packs and CMA will recommend the best option for you.
For screen printing, the maximum number of colours is 8. For digital printing, it’s nearly unlimited.
There’s no way to answer this question without seeing your detailed tech packs and your graphic design files. There are two possible scenarios, depending on what you’re producing. Either the fabric needs to be printed first before making your clothes or your clothes need to be made before your printing is completed. Both scenarios come with varying timeframes.
We accept Adobe Illustrator, PDF, JPG, or PNG file formats. If you’re printing an image on a section of your garments (ie: logo on the chest) then you need to send your file with the exact dimensions set to scale. If you want an all-over printing of the entire fabric, we need your files saved for yardage printing or repeat printing. This means we need your image dimensions in centimetres to represent exact scale.
Yes. Test dyeing is generally conducted on 1 kg of fabric. For digital or screen print testing, our manufacturers usually test 1m of fabric. You can request to have these test fabrics sent to you for review, just let us know.
Some of our manufacturers charge a nominal setup fee during samples production for digital printing, embroidery, screen printing, or dyeing.
Costs of screens vary depending on the size of the screens needed for your specific designs. Prices can range from $25 USD to $250 USD. Keep in mind that each new colour in your design requires a separate screen. The great thing about screens is they can be reused hundreds of times in future productions.

Mass Production

No. Our manufacturers are some of the busiest in the region and their preference is not to work alongside designers. Also, other designers can easily be exposed to the risk of design theft, called “design exposure”. In an effort to mitigate this risk, CMA project managers work on your behalf.
Our manufacturers provide clear plastic sleeves to individually pack garments. We’re also proud to provide recycled eco-sleeves that can be printed on and are biodegradable, compostable, and disposable. Visit our Shop page to learn more.
At this time CMA and our manufacturers only produce clothing for humans.

No. This is called “on-demand” production. Our manufacturers only produce via MOQs (minimum order quantities) which you must meet.


Lead Times are the length of time you’ll need to wait in the manufacturer’s production cue before your production can begin. Your specific lead time will begin from the moment your payment is received. CMA currently works with 53 ethical-verified clothing manufacturers which means there are over 50 different production cues with their own lead times. We’ve seen lead times hover anywhere from 2.5 weeks to 6 weeks. January through March is generally slow, and for the rest of the year everyone is swamped. Get started today!

A production timeframe between 1 to 4 weeks is not realistic.

All reputable clothing manufacturers like those in CMA’s network are busy as they have other clients that are already producing before you. We often see enquiries coming in with “Urgent” in the subject line. This doesn’t change the fact that your production must be assessed, quoted on, paid for, wait in the existing production cue, then sampled, tested, approved by you, mass produced, quality controlled, bagged and tagged, and finally shipped to you.

There are several factors that impact your production timeframes. These factors include the back-and-forth communication with you regarding your production requirements, time to research and obtain quotes, your speed of providing payments to secure your productions (bank-to-bank transfers can take days), the chosen manufacturer’s lead times, your speed of providing approvals to move production stages forward, pattern making, samples production and testing, the time for mass production and quality control, tagging, bagging, and finally shipping to your location.

We recommend planning well in advance of contacting manufacturers and also allotting extra time for the completion of each stage in your production cycle.

Its not easy to answer this question because every production is unique. The complexity of your garments’ styles, the total number of pieces in your order, and the availability of fabrics and materials will all impact your production timeframe. You also need to consider a variety of other factors that can impact your production timeframes, which is highlighted in one of the other FAQs. We’ve had productions range from 1.5 months to 4 months. The only way to know for sure is to send us your tech packs or samples and allow us to calculate your production timeframes.

Quality Control

Clothing Manufacturers Asia and our manufacturers conduct QC on a weekly basis during any project. Most of our manufacturers QC every completed garment, whereas a few of our manufacturers QC 75% of completed garments by choosing garments randomly within each batch.
If you notice any of your pieces have errors, you need to contact Clothing Manufacturers Asia within 7 days of receiving your shipment. The first thing you need to do is send us images or a video showing the errors in detail. From this, our manufacturers can determine whether you require a repair or full replacement of the specific piece(s).
Yes, we understand that sometimes you just want an unbiased set of eyes to review the work of your manufacturer. We have a special service designed just for these situations, operated by our meticulous staff. Visit our Quality Control page for more information.
At the end of every audit, your QC Project Manager will send you an in-depth report and analysis of our findings. These detailed reports include the total number of pieces reviewed, measurements to match against your technical specifications, number of pieces with errors, images of each error uploaded to Google Drive, and a final written assessment.

Global Shipping

Your finished clothes are safely packaged in clear plastic/recycled sleeves, then packed into boxes and prepared for shipment. To order recycled organic sleeves, please visit this Shop page.
There is no way to know the answer to this question without first seeing how many boxes, dimensions, and total weight you have to ship. Also, each freight forwarder has its own fees and you need to calculate other factors such as insurance, duties, and taxes which will impact your shipping costs. With sea freight, your minimum volume must be at least 3 cubic metres.
It depends on where you live, and which shipping method you need to use. Air freight is faster than sea freight. To give you an example, our clients receive their packages usually between 4 to 10 business days from the shipping date. The fastest we’ve seen is 48 hours door-to-door. Sea freight can take months.

No. Once your second production payment is finalised and your clothes are packed, we will help you arrange your shipping where you must pay directly to the agency you choose. This is called Ex-Works in the shipping industry.

Yes, that’s perfect. All we need is your account number and your shipment details, and we can even arrange your shipment for you.
CMA guarantees that your garments are securely packed and sent with your chosen shipping company but we do not maintain any responsibility once your packages are out of our premises. It’s highly recommended that you add insurance to your shipments for this exact reason. You’ll need to speak with your shipping agent or freight forwarder for further details about your shipments.


No. Instead, you can visit our Shop page in order to choose the clothes you’d like to white-label and to place your order enquiry. After your order is confirmed by our Client Services Team, we will send you an invoice in order to begin production.
Yes and No. You can add embroidery or print designs, you can change the fabric, or you can change the fabric colour as long as it’s in stock. But you can’t alter the style of the garment or its sizing or dye to an unstocked colour.

Once you confirm your order via the Pattern Behaviour shop, one of our Client Services Managers will contact you to go over your request, and an invoice will be sent to you. We accept bank-to-bank transfers only.